The blackbird is a common bird species found throughout the United States and Canada, with an estimated population of over 100 million individuals.
It has been reported that there are over 1 billion birds in North America alone. The blackbird can be identified by its large size, long tail feathers, and dark plumage.
There are many different types of blackbirds that live in Arizona and in this article, we will be discussing some black birds you can find in the Grand Canyon State!
Identifying Black Birds
The blackbird is one of the most commonly seen birds in Arizona because it is very easy to identify.
There are several ways to tell if you have spotted a blackbird: first, look at their head. If they have a yellow or orange face, then you have probably spotted a goldfinch.
If they have a grayish brown face, then you have likely spotted a house sparrow. If they have a red face, then you have spotted a cardinal.
If they have a white face, then you have most likely spotted a meadowlark. Read on to find out about some black birds you can find in Arizona!
The American Robin is a small songbird native to the United States, which also includes Arizona.
They have a brown back, a white underbelly, and a red breast. Their wingspan ranges from 12 to 15 inches.
This bird is commonly seen around suburban areas because they like to eat insects such as grasshoppers, crickets, and caterpillars.
They also love to forage on flowers and fruits. They nest in tree cavities or other sheltered places where they build a cup-shaped nest made out of leaves, moss, twigs, and hair.
The female lays two eggs at a time and incubates them for about 14 days. Both parents feed their young until they fledge at about 35 days old.
After this point, the male will continue to help care for his offspring while the female goes off to find another mate.
The Brewer’s Blackbird is a medium-sized songbird that lives in the southwestern United States, including Arizona.
They have bright yellow eyes, a black head, and a grayish-colored body. They have a wingspan of 15 inches and weigh between 0.4 – 0.6 ounces.
Their diet consists mainly of seeds, berries, and fruit. They prefer eating these items when they are ripe.
They also enjoy eating nuts, worms, and grubs. They make nests in trees, shrubs, and bushes.
The Brewer’s Blackbird builds a cup-shaped nest out of plant material and lines it with soft materials.
The female lays 2-3 eggs at a time and both parents take turns caring for the young. The chicks leave the nest after about 30 days.
The Common Grackle is a large black bird that can grow up to 4 feet tall. They have wingspans ranging from 18 to 24 inches.
They have a short bill with a curved tip. They have a light blue eye-ring and a black crown.
The Common Grackle eats mostly bugs, but they do occasionally eat some fruits and vegetables.
They tend to prefer eating insects during the day and then switching to eating fruits and vegetables at night.
They also like to eat seeds and grains. They often form flocks, especially during migration season.
When they migrate south, they travel in groups called “rafts.”
A raft is usually composed of 5-10 birds that fly together. During migration, they stop to rest and refuel every few hours.
They also use thermal air currents to navigate through the sky.
The Eastern Phoebe is a small bird that lives in Arizona. It has a dark grey body, a long pointed tail, and a thin beak. Its wingspan ranges from 9 to 11 inches. This bird feeds on insects and spiders.
It prefers eating insects during the day and then switches to eating spiders at night. They nest in holes in trees and shrubs. Females lay 3-5 eggs and both parents take turns feeding the young.
The chicks hatch after about 16 days. Once they are fully grown, the adults will return to the same nesting site each year.
The Northern Mockingbird is an attractive bird that lives in Arizona. It has a green body, a dark head, and a long slender bill.
Its wingspan ranges between 10 and 13 inches. This bird feeds primarily on insects but sometimes eats some fruits and berries.
It likes to eat insects at night and fruits and berries during the day.
They live in pairs or family units. They build a nest by using sticks, twigs, and feathers.
They line their nest with grasses, moss, leaves, and other soft materials. Both parents help raise the young. The chicks fledge after about 20 days.
Song Sparrows are small brown birds that live in Arizona. They have a long slender bill and a white throat patch.
Their wingspan ranges between 8 and 12 inches.
Song sparrows feed on insects and spiders. They prefer eating them during the day and then switch to eating fruits and berries at night. They prefer eating insects in the morning before sunrise. They also like to drink water while sitting on a branch.
They spend most of their time in flocks. Flocks consist of anywhere from 6 to 100 birds.
These flocks are made up of individuals who know one another well. They may even stay in contact throughout the winter months.
As you now know, there are lots of black birds that live in Arizona.
But the types listed here aren’t the only ones you can find in the Grand Canyon State! There are also Field Sparrow, Gambel’s Quail-Dove, Golden-winged Warbler, House Finch, Ovenbird, Painted Bunting, Prairie Falcon, Red Crossbill, Savannah Sparrow, Swamp Sparrow, Western Meadowlark, White-throated Sparrow, Yellow-breasted Chat, and Yuma Clapper Rail.
Have a look into them as well and when you next find yourself in Arizona, have a look and see if you can spot any of these black birds yourself!